Only dynamic goal-setting and purposeful action can ensure the progress of society. - Stalen Deuren Online » Stalen Deuren Online
×

Only dynamic goal-setting and purposeful action can ensure the progress of society. - Stalen Deuren Online

Only dynamic goal-setting and purposeful action can ensure the progress of society.

The objects of management are the social organization of society with its inherent social structure and social processes.

Thus, special institutions of government, which in one form or another have always existed in society, were formed for the conscious influence of people on the processes of social development, to regulate social relations. The strength and limits of this influence are determined by the socio-economic nature and degree of maturity of society.

Therefore, public administration as a social phenomenon, its forms, methods, principles, nature are always and everywhere conditioned by the problems of social development, carried out in the interests of certain social strata and groups. This phenomenon is associated with the system of social relations not only directly through the real management processes occurring in relation to social production, but also indirectly through consciousness, certain forms of knowledge.various management doctrines, theories and concepts.

Thus, the formation of managerial relations is actively influenced not only by material factors, but also the public consciousness, especially political and legal and organizational and managerial. Moreover, the nature, direction and degree of influence on public relations by certain managerial views are ultimately due to the socio-political nature of the social forces themselves. They determine the limits of the gradualness of the existing system of knowledge in a given society, including management.

New tasks and functions of the state in transition determine the new content of its management activities, and therefore determine the forms, methods of government, system and structure of public administration. Previously, the dominant position in scientific publications was the provision that public administration was seen as the management of people.

And there were enough reasons for this, because public administration as a political and coercive activity that received these qualities from the state – a political organization, was considered a purely political category designed to influence only the behavior of people in the right direction for the ruling class. But this obscured the signs of management as a specific type of social activity.

Even in the simplest forms of organization of collective labor, management functions were not limited to influencing human behavior, it also performed general functions arising from the movement of the entire production mechanism and the needs of society as a whole. Social processes are a common object of administrative activity of the state. And management – a variety of state activities, which covers not only the spheres of production and distribution, but also the sphere of spiritual life, various aspects of human coexistence.

Of course, managerial influence is aimed primarily at people’s behavior. However, the state controls not only people but also the material elements of human production and spiritual life – natural, material and financial resources, territories, material objects of culture, ie all those "things" that are at its disposal. Even with a significant reduction in the number of state-owned objects in the privatization process, the largest enterprises of the basic branches of the economy and the military-industrial complex remain in the direct possession of the state.

Gradual privatization and demonopolization of the economy, the launch of a market mechanism of self-regulation, however, does not relieve the state of the need to perform broad economic, socio-cultural and other general and special functions, but obliges them to perform them in other forms and other methods than before:, housing, securities, forecasting, tax, credit and subsidy policies, preferential quotas, encouragement of scientific and technological progress, etc., ie state regulation of the economy has nothing to do with directive methods of command and control.

The coercive nature of public administration in market conditions is qualitatively changing, although it retains its principled nature (meaning the authoritarian nature, as its origins are the will of the state). The implementation of general functions, service of public needs does not preclude the use of regulatory and coercive measures of public administration, but they are only an auxiliary basis for the content of this activity. These are measures of encouragement, stimulation, persuasion, formation of public opinion and consciousness, sense of responsibility and duty. Only in maintaining the established rule of law does the state remain steadfast and widely use coercive means.

Thus, the characteristics of the social essence of government, including public, include the following features.

Society as a social organization is a complex self-governing system that is self-governing and constantly on the move, it cannot exist without continuous management. Therefore, management is a way of existence of a social organization, lab report paper writing its immanent element.

Management is a special social function that arises from the needs of society itself as a self-governing system (self-governing) and accompanies the entire history of society, gaining a political character and the corresponding state forms in a society of social stratification. In analyzing the essence of public administration can not ignore its political aspect. But this factor should not diminish the general social purpose of management, to push to the background the issue of management techniques and technology, which leads to a decrease in its effectiveness.

Each type of social organization, specific historical society has its own content, its own specific processes, forms and methods of management. Therefore, the content of management can not be separated from the environment of its operation.

Social management – an element of the system of social relations and its nature and content depend on their essence. In turn, social management is reduced to the ordering and development of social relations.

With the transition to a post-industrial society, the development of the scientific and technological revolution, the growth and complexity of machinery and production technology, the share of management of things and production processes is growing significantly. Under these conditions, a person must unleash all his creative potential in order to successfully perform new job functions and social responsibilities, and his role as a social being and participation in human management will not only not decrease, but, on the contrary, will increase …

The "material" content of management as a social function is manifested primarily in organizational activities and is one of the main features of public administration. Organizing activities are implemented through the association, coordination, regulation, coordination, control, as well as regulatory and coercive measures of the state.

The organizational content of management is most clearly expressed in the planning of collective efforts and division of responsibilities of their members in achieving specific goals, in management, ie in regulating the daily activities of teams, in monitoring the implementation of the goal, in organizational support of all stages of management.

That is, management – is primarily the organization of actions for coordination, integration into a system of specialized efforts of a group of people.

The goal is the most important characteristic of management – the definition of its purpose. Actually for the sake of certain achievements also management is carried out. Management cannot be considered aimless transformations, because they are meaningless.

Only dynamic goal-setting and purposeful action can ensure the progress of society. The so-called period of stagnation of the former Soviet society was marked by the presence of only negative feedback in structural terms, and in functional – the constancy of management tasks not accepted by the people, maintaining previous qualitative certainty without taking into account the requirements of environmental change, social stagnation, not development, statics, not a movement that contradicts the very nature of human society. The collapse of such a system was inevitable.

Any self-governing system, including social, must have at least the property of homeostasis, ie the ability to maintain its relative parameters in relative constancy in a changing environment. However, homeostasis is not a sufficient feature of the management system.

Complex management systems in society must be able in the process of development to move from one qualitative state to another, to maintain a dynamic balance with the environment, to ensure modern and effective bringing society in line with its inherent objective patterns and trends of gradual development … The natural-historical process basically developed from one – lower – degree, to the second – higher.

The experience of history (former socialist camp) set a completely new task – to return society to the qualitative parameters of entrepreneurial socio-economic formation. Such tasks have never been solved by social management systems, and they contradict the general objective tendency of human development, which has led to a deep crisis in post-socialist society.

In this case, the purpose of management is not to increase the organization of the system, its development, and the destruction of the structure. The new subjects of management have successfully coped with this task. We can assume that this is an intermediate stage of the management process to reorganize the systems, but so far we do not see the feasibility and usefulness of the effect of managerial influence.

The ordering of social relations, the preservation of their stability and expediency in development for a particular historical society is provided by the organizing role of management, but for the practical transfer of managerial influence in the direction determined by social tasks, to ensure proper social behavior of individuals requires authority, power. And in the social organization of government acts as an organizing process of power, as its dynamics. There is no society without management, just as there is no management in a society without the ruling will, power, authority.

Thus, power acts as a functional property, an immanent quality of social organization, and it is realized through social management. This means that governance in the field of public relations should be carried out on the basis of subordination, unity of will of the participants in joint activities.